To date, an effective therapeutic treatment that confers strong attenuation toward coronaviruses remains elusive. Of all the potential drug targets, the helicase of CoVs is considered to be one of the most important. Here, we first present the structure of the full-length Nsp13 helicase of SARS-CoV (SARS-Nsp13) and investigate the structural coordination of its five domains and how these contribute to its translocation and unwinding activity. We observed that the β19–β20 loop on the 1A domain is involved in unwinding process directly. Furthermore, we have shown that the RNA dependent RNA polymerase , SARS-Nsp12, can enhance the helicase activity of SARS-Nsp13 through interacting with it directly. The interacting regions were identified and can be considered common across CoVs, which provides new insights into the Replication and Transcription Complex of CoVs.
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- Stearothermophilus primase and the C terminus of the T7 primase, the two enzymes exhibit a similar folding in the zinc-spanning region (Fig. 1).
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- Taken together with the phage complementation data, it appears that histidine cannot replace the cysteine at position 20 in the T7 primase.
- These properties together allow a wide variety of portable, outdoor and rugged applications that cannot be served by other technologies.
The Cannon is supplemented by twin ATGM launchers firing an upgraded version of the HJ-12 tandem shaped charge solid fuel fire-and-forget rocket, guided by infrared homing, and CCD. A coaxial 14.5mm machine gun, and a RCWS with a GPMG, complete the substantial armament. Science and technology in Hungary is one of the country’s most developed sectors. Hungary Wie lange hält mir eine Gummibärchen-Dose mit 1000mg CBD? spent 1.4% of its gross domestic product on civil research and development in 2015, which is the 25th-highest ratio in the world. Hungary ranks 32nd among the most innovative countries in the Bloomberg Innovation Index, standing before Hong Kong, Iceland or Malta. Hungary was ranked 34th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, down from 33rd in 2019.
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This film is fabricated by first copying a photo-lithographically defined grating master into nickel, using a sputtering and electro-forming, which is then used to form the grating into a resin on a PET backing. The process is designed to be self-patterning by arranging for the homeotropic photopolymer to prefer preferentially to the resin, except for region of the display mother glass previously coated using an adhesion promoter. The simple fabrication ensures that the device has similar cost to standard STN but with greatly improved optical appearance, higher multiplexibility and ultra-low power consumption. The gunner has access to day/night thermal optics, laser rangefinder, and digital ballistic computer. The driver and commander have their own observation instruments installed on the hatch.
Most substitutions examined in the homolog-scanning analysis result in loss of the zinc and thus disrupt the integrity of the ZBD. These DNA primases in which the ZBD has been distorted behave similar to the 56-kDa gene 4 protein lacking the entire ZBD. It appears that the ZBD has a unique conformation that is stabilized through elaborate interactions of the residues, particularly those that retain the zinc. A similar disruption of the ZBD was previously observed by the single amino acid replacement of His-33 with alanine . However, replacement of a region coordinating the zinc ion with a homologous region does not result in loss of the metal ion.
- Because the altered primases were selected from a positive screening for functional gene 4 proteins, they must have at least a minimal primase activity.
- In addition to being simple, this approach also allows the grating to be automatically patterned onto the glass using selective adhesion as shown in figure 8.
- Each prokaryotic primase has its own recognition sequence for primer synthesis, distinct from others.
- Binding of the gene 4 protein to DNA is predominantly dictated by the helicase domain .
The suspension system of ZBD-03 consists of five lightweight road wheels and three return rollers with a front-mounted drive sprocket. The integrated hydropneumatic suspension has variable ground clearance. Tracks are retracted before airdropping, thus minimizing the force of impact during the landing operation.
C, apparent binding of gene 4 protein to the 60-mer template was calculated from the data obtained in B. Vmax and KDNA values were calculated by the nonlinear regression method. SG. The preference for a positively charged residue at position 18 can be further extended to the overall charge arising from residues at positions 16, 18, and 19 in the H2 region. Alignment of primases reveals a positive correlation between the number of positively charged residues in this how old do you have to be to take cbd region and DNA binding affinity. Gp4-H2-KHR with positively charged residues at the three positions exhibits much higher DNA binding affinity than does gp4-H2-ENE containing the mostly negatively charged residues. Although structural analysis of the primase-template interaction will ultimately resolve the precise contacts necessary for DNA binding, it is tempting to propose that this region of ZBD is in proximity to the template as augmented in gp4-H2-KHR.
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The mattress is of top-notch quality, made with the finest quality materials and three layers of mattresses. Shop from their store with Reecoupons and use the latest ZBD Bed Coupons, Promo Codes, and Free Shipping offers to score some amazing discounts on their bedding products. Accurate ISR data is crucial to quality intelligence about enemy threats to enhance the effectiveness of military operations. In recent years, the ongoing development of technology has only increased the demand for ISR capabilities.
Cyberport’s stores made the decision to replace their outdated paper labels, and selected ZBD to provide epop 50 electronic shelf labels for all of its products. By freeing-up staff from handling paper labels, the solution will allow them to concentrate on providing Do CBD GUMMIES Help with Stress? even better customer service. Among the functional gene 4 proteins selected from the homologous recombination described above, we chose six representative proteins based on the amino acid at each position and purified them for biochemical analysis.
Locomotive engine and railway vehicle manufacturers before World War One were the MÁVAG company in Budapest and the Ganz company in Budapest . According to the HVCA report joint efforts of the venture capital and private equity industry and the Hungarian government, the access of Hungarian enterprises to venture capital and private equity funding could be significantly increased. During the past two decades these financial intermediaries have also played an increasingly important role in the Hungarian economy. During this period, venture capital and private equity funds invested close to 4 billion US Dollars into more than 400 Hungarian enterprises. Integrate the electronics and liquid crystal electro-optic modulator into a contact lens for the correction of age-related hardening of the human optical lens .
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In order to develop and test the new vehicle, tank test personnel experienced considerable hardship. In the Summer sea test, the temperature outside the vehicle was more than 40 degrees, the testers in the tank on the train station continued for seven or eight hours. In 2015 the Norinco VN 18 vehicle, that is similar to the ZBD 97 of the Chinese army, arrived at the Marine Infantry of Venezuela. CCTV reported 19 November 2017 on the program of the domestic VN-18 amphibious vehicle. CCTV reported that the domestic VN-18 vehicle is the world’s leading active amphibious assault vehicle, and has excellent high-speed marine mobility, mainly due to the independent innovation of key technologies.
The chassis will be reinforced, and although the amphibious quality of earlier iterations of its predecessor was dropped for extra protection, here it will not feature. The ZBD’s chassis will be composed of new alloys and compunds which will keep its weight under 30 tons, a core requirement for integration with our airlift program. Nanocrystal steel armour will be layered in both horizontal and vertical sandwich structures with polymer and a layer of ceramic armour. Explosive-Reactive armour will be passed over, in favour of the DPA armour which is powered by the same Electric-Reactive armour unit from the upcoming Type-102 MBT. Chinese experts say ordinary armored vehicles are not capable of taxiing on the water, but the VN-18 uses body-scooter technology to float as it travels over the water and glide like a speedboat.
- In today’s volatile world, the primary challengers to China become the United States and neighboring India – who both have, on hand, thousands of tanks.
- Four cysteines, located at loop regions connecting β-strands, coordinate a zinc ion to form a structure typical of members of the zinc-ribbon family.
- Our industry leading modules have been reduced to 1/4th the volume of previous modules and the power supply has been simplified.
- Chinese experts say ordinary armored vehicles are not capable of taxiing on the water, but the VN-18 uses body-scooter technology to float as it travels over the water and glide like a speedboat.
We have substantiated that all five domains in SARS-Nsp13 are directly or indirectly involved in helicase activity and are finely coordinated with each other due to the well-arranged structural assembly. However, the self-equilibrium of SARS-Nsp13 will be readjusted when it functions in vivo since there will be external force imposed on it. In contrast to the flexible CH domain of Upf1, the ZBD domain of SARS-Nsp13 interacts with the stalk domain tightly and plays a vital role in the helicase activity.
From there, they designed a completely new, completely amphibious hull to house the turret, with a spacious infantry compartment that is accessible from the rear, thanks to the engine being mounted in the front of the vehicle. The prototype was given the designation ZBD-97, and it wasn’t until 2004 that it was officially adopted into PLA service, replacing the heavily outdated ZBD-86’s. In 2007, a new version appeared, the uparmored ZBD-04A, retaining all factors of the original ZBD-04, but sacrificing some amphibious capabilities due to the added weight of the armor.
Their experiments also showed that the luminosity of bulbs filled with an inert gas was higher than in vacuum. The British Tungsram Radio Works was a subsidiary of the Hungarian Tungsram in pre-WW2 days. In 1905, the Láng Machine Factory company also started the production of steam turbines for alternators. Important names in the 18th century are Maximilian Hell , János Sajnovics , Matthias Bel , Sámuel Mikoviny and Wolfgang von Kempelen (polyhistor and co-founder of comparative linguistics).
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Other approaches are compared with regard to throughput and yield in manufacture. There are firing ports in the left, right, and exit door that allow infantrymen to fire assault rifles or light machine guns from inside the vehicle, even on the move. In 1996, China imported the technologies of BMP-3 turret and weapon systems with license from Russia. After testing, Chinese military decided to fit the imported weapon systems with indigenously-developed turret and chassis.
- The technology allows the CBD to release even through additional sheets.
- This means that it can be cheaper and simple, And also, code libraries are available which allow the board to emulate a computer keyboard etc.
- Third, the ZBD containing H2-KHR alone does not form a stable structure.
First, ZBD displays can utilize common passive matrix LCD controller ICs, which are inexpensive, easy to drive, and available on a long-term basis. Second, ZBD LCD development and NRE costs are comparable to that of STN displays, making it possible to provide customer-specific formats and resolutions at much lower tooling costs and MOQs than is possible with TFT LCDs. In fact, ZBD display structure only differs from standard STN-type displays by one modified internal surface (an ideal complement to NVD’s existing passive LCD production lines). Third, ZBD displays do not suffer the multiplex limitations of STN displays.
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In the first experiment, a mixture of all four NTPs was supplied as precursors for oligoribonucleotides. Wild-type gene 4 protein supports DNA synthesis by T7 DNA polymerase on M13 ssDNA by providing oligoribonucleotides that serve as primers to initiate DNA synthesis (Fig. 3A). Not surprisingly, in view of their inability to synthesize template-directed oligoribonucleotide synthesis, no DNA synthesis was observed with any of the hybrid gene 4 proteins (Fig. 3A). The lack of DNA synthesis confirms the absence of oligoribonucleotides because DNA synthesis would amplify their presence. In the second experiment, preformed synthetic ACCC was supplied to gene 4 protein to bypass the step of oligoribonucleotide synthesis.
- Therefore, the decreased oligoribonucleotide synthesis on long DNA templates by the altered proteins consistently suggests tight DNA binding through alteration in the ZBD.
- Digital Scroll technology is a simple modulation solution that can easily and quickly be implemented into any existing system design as no other components are required.
- According to Chinese experts, the VN-18 amphibious tank has excellent water performance and can travel below the level 4 sea level and below the level 3 wind level, which equals to a car running to 120 km / h on the expressway.
- To determine the molecular basis for this role in recognition, we carried out homolog-scanning mutagenesis of the zinc-binding domain of DNA primase of bacteriophage T7 using a bacterial homolog from Geobacillus stearothermophilus.
Most of the altered proteins differ from one another by a single residue to facilitate analysis of the role. We also included gp4-C20H in which histidine is substituted for cysteine at position 20 to examine its effect on primase; most bacterial primases contain a histidine at this position. A persistent goal has been to elucidate the molecular mechanism by which the T7 primase recognizes a trinucleotide sequence in ssDNA. Prokaryotic DNA primases, each having a distinct ZBD, synthesize primers of different sequences.
Onsite service will be limited to the customer location within 40 kms radius or within municipal limits whichever is nearer from ASUS service provider. For RMA cases, if product more than 7days old, need to contact ASUS authorized service provider. Tank-killing remains a priority for most of the large global armies that include the United States, Russia, India, and China for their primary how much cbd gummies at 250 mg for a heavy smoker challengers would most likely field large masses of armored systems in the event of Total War. In today’s volatile world, the primary challengers to China become the United States and neighboring India – who both have, on hand, thousands of tanks. As such, considerable investment has been made to provide the PLA with effective armor-defeating systems and solutions like the ZBD-04A AT.
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Because the altered primases were selected from a positive screening for functional gene 4 proteins, they must have at least a minimal primase activity. The ability of the primases to synthesize oligoribonucleotides was examined using a 60-mer ssDNA containing a primase recognition site (5′-TGGTC-3′). delta 10 thc 0 As expected, all the altered primases catalyze the synthesis of ACCA (Fig. 4A). However, when oligoribonucleotide synthesis is measured in an assay with varying amounts of template, some proteins were observed to synthesize oligoribonucleotides more efficiently than does the wild-type protein.
- NVD offers a total solution approach, with a thorough understanding of product development, life cycle, and end-user/environmental requirements.
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- Here we have solved the first structure of SARS-Nsp13 and have studied its molecular features that are involved in regulating the unwinding process.
- The first, second and sixth road wheels are fitted with hydraulic shock absorbers.
Capacity control is achieved by separating the scroll sets axially over a small period of time. It is a simple mechanical solution allowing precise temperature control and system efficiency. Digital Scroll technology is a simple modulation solution that can easily and quickly be implemented into any existing system design as no other components are required. Digital Scroll technology provides continuous, step-less modulation from 10% to 100% with no operating envelope restriction. As a result, system pressures and temperatures are tightly controlled.
The facility located in Malvern, UK offers additional customer service, initial failure analysis, meeting room/facilities, research and prototyping operations, and a cleanroom laboratory. Recent advances in the ZBD LCD technology have also increased the operating temperature range which now extends from -10°C to +90°C. Furthermore, these displays can be tested to automotive specifications (e.g. 500 hours at 85°C). These properties together allow a wide variety of portable, outdoor and rugged applications that cannot be served by other technologies.
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China had recently independently developed two new infantry fighting vehicles, one of which is the VN-18. Reportedly the VN-18 vehicle weighs 26.5 tons, the maximum speed of 65 kilometers per hour on land, water speed how long does cbd gummies stay in your body up to 30 kilometers per hour. Compared to the United States AAV7 amphibious tank speed, this is more than 4 times the water speed. ZBD displays offer many key advantages over other types of bistable displays.
This interacts mechanically with the long-range order in the LC material and allows two different optical states to be obtained without any holding voltage. The ZBD range is dedicated to medium temperature refrigeration applications. Based on the unique Copeland Compliant Scroll design, the Digital modulation operates on a simple mechanism.
With the exception of some misaligned regions at the N terminus of the G. Stearothermophilus primase and the C terminus of the T7 primase, the two enzymes exhibit a similar folding in the zinc-spanning region (Fig. 1). Both primases have four antiparallel β-sheets forming two loops in which cysteines coordinate a zinc ion. Despite these resemblances, T7 primase recognizes 5′-GTC-3′ in the template, whereas G. In an attempt to identify a region critical to the function of the ZBD, we have constructed altered T7 primases containing homologous portion of the G.
The commander and gunner are seated in the two-man turret located in the middle, and the driver with one passenger is located in tandem to the left of the power compartment, located at the front right. The Type 05 features a flat hull, extendable bow, with six retractable road wheels on each side and front/rear rollers. The angle of the bow changes adaptively according to the current displacement speedometer so that fluid resistance can always be kept at the lowest, optimal level.
Ányos Jedlik physicist and engineer invented the first electric motor, the dynamo, the self-excitation, the impulse generator, and the cascade connection. An important name in 19th-century physics is Joseph Petzval, one of the founders of modern optics. Rado von Kövesligethy discovered laws of black-body radiation before Planck and Wien.
The power compartment is located on the forward-right side of the vehicle. To date, no helicase structure with a nucleic acid substrate for CoVs has been solved. In order to get detailed structural information about the nucleic acid binding regions, we docked a dsDNA on SARS-Nsp13 based on EAV-Nsp10-RNA structure and Yeast-Upf1- RNA structure (Figure . Jiangsu ZBD stainless steel Co., Ltd. is a leading stainless steel products manufacturer, located in China′s well-know stainless steel market wuxi. Along with assembling with the good experience and advantages from the other companies, we make the best of our talent staffs, continuously integrating\optimizing and using the local material resources and equipment resources.
Some examples of information acquired by ISR systems include optical, radar, or infrared images, and electronic signals. The means of acquiring this data include satellites, unmanned aircraft and aircraft systems, specialized ground, sea, or space-based equipment, and human intelligence teams. Jiangsu ZBD stainless steel Co., Ltd. is a leading stainless steel products manufacturer, located in China’s well-know stainless steel market wuxi. We have excellent professional team, 15 senior managers, 10Product Engineers, 10Quality Control Engineers, the well prestige\the high efficient working and the innovation business idea-Never follow others, pursuit innovation forever, we service our …
- A problem encountered by the replisome is the simultaneous replication of antiparallel DNA strands by the unidirectional polymerizing activity of DNA polymerases.
- The first-ever electric rail vehicle manufactured by Ganz Works was a 6 HP pit locomotive with direct current traction system.
- The first turbo-generators were water turbines which propelled electric generators.
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- Recent advances in the ZBD LCD technology have also increased the operating temperature range which now extends from -10°C to +90°C.
The pH of the buffer was 7.0, which contained 20 mM HEPES, 150 mM NaCl and 4 mM MgCl2. After 5 min, the sample was centrifugated and placed into the auto-sampler of the Ultimate 3000 UPLC system for injection. 50 μl of sample was then loaded onto and separated by a ACQUITY UPLC 1.7 μm BEH C18 1.0 μm × 50 mm column . A 1–50% gradient of acetonitrile over 37 min at a flow rate of 100 μl/min was used to separate peptides.
These let us get a constantly development on advanced producing process and quality management. Under the superior management idea and perfect service consciousness, we continuously persist in offering the excellent products and perfect service to the clients how to invest in cbd oil stocks at abroad. The ZBD-09, also known as the Type 07, is a modern Chinese wheeled infantry fighting vehicle that was first shown to the public in 2009. It has many variants, including an artillery, armored recovery, and fire support variant that debuted with it.
- The missile is also used as an air-launched weapon from the Z-10, Z-11, and Z-19 helicopter platforms and the CASC “Rainbow” UAV as a tank-killing measure.
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First, primase-H2-KHR exhibits significantly increased binding to the template containing the recognition sequence even in the absence ATP and CTP. Second, the binding is less dependent on the presence of the recognition sequence. The altered primase binds almost equally to templates that either contain or lack the recognition sequence. Regardless of the sequence in the template, the presence of ATP and CTP further enhances binding. In contrast, primase-H2-ENE does not bind to ssDNA in a sequence-dependent manner, and its binding is not affected by the presence of ATP and CTP (Fig. 7C). Despite the nonspecific binding to the template lacking a primase recognition sequence, no primer synthesis by the altered proteins was observed without a primase recognition sequence .
Customers are encouraged to back up all data stored from your side before giving to service center. In the event of repairs/replacement of any parts of the unit, this warranty will thereafter continue and remain in force only for the unexpired period of the warranty. Moreover time taken for repair/replacement and in transit whether under the warranty or otherwise shall not be excluded from the warranty period. If customer purchases the product from outside India that has a local warranty, the product is repairable at additional charges. The warranty excludes demonstration/installation of the product purchased. Customers to carry the products, if location is beyond 40 kms radius or outside the municipal limits.
Understanding these relationships enables devices with improved performance to be designed and fabricated. This film is fabricated by first copying a photolithographically defined grating master into nickel, using sputtering and electroforming, which is then used to form the grating into a resin on a PET backing. The process is designed to be self-patterning by arranging for the homeotropic photopolymer to adhere preferentially to the resin, except for region of the display mother glass previously coated with adhesion promoter. The simple fabrication ensures that the device has similar cost to standard STN but with greatly improved optical appearance, higher multiplexibility, and ultralow power consumption.
In this assay, the viability of T7 phage lacking the entire gene 4 (T7Δ4) depends on the expression of gene 4 from a plasmid harbored in E. As shown in Table 1, compared with wild-type protein, all hybrid proteins exhibit a 102 to 107-fold decrease in their ability to support growth of T7Δ4. Plaque sizes obtained with the hybrid proteins were also significantly smaller than those observed with the wild-type gene 4 protein . In particular, alterations of a segment containing Cys-17 and Cys-20 that coordinate the zinc and a segment neighboring Pourquoi manger des oursons au CBD ? another zinc-coordinating cysteine, Cys-36 , result in a more severe defect than the other alterations . That technology provides a lightweight, low-cost means of adding moving or flashing images to point-of-sale displays and has considerably lower power requirements than alternative means, such as LCD displays. Despite an Infantry Dismount squad of seven, there are nine seats in each vehicle, to account for the Platoon Commander, Platoon Sergeant, UAV operator, Medic, and an artillery FO, in a Platoon of three vehicles.
Single substitution of histidine for cysteine at position 20, a distinctive difference in the ZBDs of bacteria and bacteriophages, results in the loss of the zinc in the T7 primase. This result is surprising because histidine was anticipated to coordinate the metal ion within a flexible loop as in the bacterial ZBD. The incompatibility of histidine suggests that the architecture of the T7 ZBD restricts the position for cysteine. A communications IC company, has introduced the industry’s first family of zero delay buffers capable of user-selectable 2.
Most bacteria have the same amino acid sequence, Cys-Pro-Phe-His, in this segment, whereas bacteriophages have various residues between the two cysteines, Cys-Xaa-Xaa-Cys . Therefore, this portion of the ZBD might be one of the most important regions for primase function, including template-directed oligoribonucleotide synthesis and its delivery to DNA polymerase. We have previously shown that modifications of the ZBD can lead to loss of the zinc and deformation of the ZBD resulting in inactive primases . Therefore, the inability of the hybrid primases to recognize a specific sequence for primer synthesis and to deliver primer to DNA polymerase might arise from conformational changes that result in loss of the zinc.
Different states of Nsp13 with different small molecules as indicated by H/D exchange experiment results . A, B, C and D represent four different conformation states of SARS-Nsp13 with or without small molecules and they form a cycle in which ATP is hydrolysed by step. Regions in red suggest it experienced less H/D exchanges while regions in blue suggest it experienced more compared to the previous state in the cycle. It is evident that the radius of the channel formed by the 1B, 1A and 2A domains is not wide enough for dsDNA to pass through. The product being serviced or repaired by anyone or un-trained engineer other than Authorized service Provider and modification from original ASUS manufacturing standard. Natural calamities while in transit to service centre or purchaser’s residence.
- Single substitution of histidine for cysteine at position 20, a distinctive difference in the ZBDs of bacteria and bacteriophages, results in the loss of the zinc in the T7 primase.
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- These data suggest that changes in DNA binding by alterations in the ZBD are mediated through interactions with the RPD.
- Removable rubber pads are fitted on the metallic tracks to improve the ride comfort of passengers.
This finding suggests that the modifications in these hybrid primases do not completely disrupt conformation of the ZBD, yet they destroy the ability of the ZBD to properly interact with the template and RPD. They do need specific waveforms to change pixels, and generally wipe the screen a few times to reset before rewriting. If you take it apart and there’s a chip on the flex or on the glass, that’s probably it, but it could be a chip on the PCB, and if you’re unlucky, it could be just integrated into a single chip with whatever micro they’re controlling it with. At that point you’d have to figure out how to reprogram the driver IC and hope it’s not a PROM, or you could try to sample the required waveforms in a scope and recreate them with DACs to drive the display directly. The Type 05s could be launched at sea from an amphibious assault ship over the horizon, and features a hydroplane, a design concept that has been compared to the cancelled United States Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle program. When ATP analog enters the active pocket, the 1A and 2A domains are pulled together.